SolidWorks Simulation - Utilisation de la symétrie dans les éléments de coque [VIDEO]

Article by Irfan Zardadkhan, PhD, CSWE updated January 31, 2013

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For large problems, solid elements can often take a long time to mesh and solve. For thin bodies with constant thickness, we can replace the solid elements with shell elements which will significantly speed up the process of both meshing and solution.

For bodies which are geometrically symmetric and are loaded symmetrically about a plane, the symmetry condition can also be used to speed up the analysis. The built-in symmetry condition of SolidWorks can only be applied on faces, however when shell elements are cut on a plane, the produce symmetry about edges and not faces. The symmetry condition can then be created manually using the reference geometry condition. In applying this condition, we need to restrict any displacements along the plane of symmetry and at the same time we need to restrict the out of plane rotations. (Shell elements have 6 dof compared to solids which have only 3 dof).

The table below highlights the symmetry condition in the three principle planes.

Symmetry Boundary ConditionsPlane of Symmetry
xyyzxz
x translationfreeconstrainedfree
y translationfreefreeconstrained
z translationconstrainedfreefree
x rotationconstrainedfreeconstrained
y rotationconstrainedconstrainedfree
z rotationfreeconstrainedconstrained

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Irfan Zardadkhan, PhD, CSWE

Irfan est titulaire d'un doctorat en ingénierie aérospatiale et est AE Elite. Il contribue régulièrement aux blogs techniques SIMULATION et COMPOSER. Il a remporté le prix TenLinks Top blogger pour SOLIDWORKS. Il a fait des présentations à des groupes d'utilisateurs locaux et au salon SOLIDWORKS World.